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    High Yield

    Do you have some loose Sh250,000 and don’t know where to invest?,  just try pig farming. Based on several interviews with successful pig farmers in the country, Farmbiz Africa has prepared a tentative budget and expected Returns from this agribusiness venture in the 14 months.


    Pigs require adequate space, quite environment and enough food. Considering that a pig requires a space of at least 24 square meters, in order to raise two pregnant sows, on should consider a constructing a pig shed measuring at least 20 meters by 24 meters. This is because, a after a gestation period of three months, each pig is likely to sire at least 10 piglets.  

    READ ALSO: This is how help pigs gain 0.5kg from locally made feed

    To erect a strong, warm and spacious 30 by 45 meters pig shed, one requires at least Sh75,000 to cater for timber which is retailing at Sh30 per square meter, 25 iron sheet measuring 3 meters and nails. Other requirements include at least 15 wheelbarrows of ballast, 10 wheelbarrows of sand and 5 bags of cement. Saw dust helps to keep pigs warm and can be easily turned into food when mixed with IMO, a simple micro organisms which occur naturally in the environment made by culturing.

    READ ALSO: E-Pig point farmers to lucrative markets

    After constructing a pigsty, you can now source for the high yielding sows. Large White, Landrace,Hamphire and Duroc are the four main pig breed in Kenya. A month old pregnant Large White sow for instance goes for an average of Sh45, 000 while a Duroc and Hamphire retails at Sh40,000. You can get served sows at an affordable price by visiting a Facebook page Pig Farmer –Kenya.

    Feed cost

    A pig consumes an average of 6 to 8 pounds (3-4kg) of feed per day. This means, it consumes 120kg per month. In Kenya, 70kg of rice bran costs at least Sh500 hence120kg is tentatively Sh900.For a period of 9 month, a farmer will spend at least Sh16, 000 on the two sows. Although the appropriate weaning time for piglets is 6-8 weeks, a farmer is supposed to start giving them solid food when they are 3 weeks old.

    READ ALSO: Solution turns sawdust and pig waste into food

    Counting money

    A farmer can therefore use the remaining amount majorly on food and daily management of pigsty until piglets reach six months. At this age, most of them should be weighing at least 120kg. If a farmer decide to slaughter all of them, he is likely to get at least 2600kg of pork.  With a kilo of pork currently retailing at Sh400, a farmer is likely to fetch Sh780,000.

    If he decides to sell them after three months when sows have been served and when barrows have been castrated, each is likely to fetch him at least Sh40,000 hence an approximate of Sh880,000.



    There is no specific pork market in Kenya, however due to popularity of pork products like ham, bacon, sausages and burgers; companies like Farmers Choice located in Kahawa West in the outskirts of Nairobi are buying from farmers. The company which slaughters up to 400 pigs per day pays farmers according to cold dressed weight (CDW) after slaughter. Farmers can also sell their pigs to Lytano slaughter house in Nairobi, Ndumboini in Kiambu, Kabati in Murang’a among others scattered across the country.

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    Most farmers in Kenya are now embracing high value crops like groundnuts and soybeans, ditching unprofitable traditional crops like maize and beans.

    It is estimated that a farmer can harvest up to 1.6 tonnes of groundnuts in an acre piece of land. With groundnuts retailing at Sh12,000 per 100kilos, one is likely to  earn a whopping Sh192,000 in just 90 days. The crop requires less maintenance and adds valuable nitrogen to soils if compared to maize which can earn a farmer less than 40 bags weighing 90kg which retail for as low as Sh2000.

    READ ALSO: Mpeketoni farmer earning huge with groundnuts

    Even so, do farmers really know conditions and how to grow groundnuts profitably? Have no worries as because we have prepared all that for you.

    Conditions for growth

    Groundnuts grow well in warm areas, below 1500 meters above sea level with temperatures ranging 28-30 degrees census. Low temperatures affect their flowering and seed formation. They also need 500 to 600 mm of rainfall, well-distributed throughout the growing season. The crop can survive drought or reduced rain but yields will be low. Well-drained soils are needed although the crop can also grow well in clay soils.

    When and how to plant

    Just like maize, groundnut is an early season crop hence it must be grown at the onset of rains. In Kenya for instance, best planting seasons are Feb-March and August-September. Groundnut varieties differ from size, colour and shape.

    READ ALSO: High yielding groundnut variety give farmers 4X returns

    Varieties found in Kenya include Red Oriata, Manipinta,Makulu Red, Bukene, Homa Bay, Texas Peanut, Red Valencia and Atika. Depending on sizes, a space of 30-45cm is needed between rows and 15-20 between plants. This mean, an acre farm can accommodate up to 66,000 crops which is equivalent of at least 16 kilos of seeds which are sowed to the depth of 5-6 cm.


    Weeding is supposed to commence 2-3 weeks after germination and more often during the early stages of growth. Earthling up should be done at the time of weeding to encourage pegging, or penetration of young nuts into the soil. It is recommended that farmers use hand weeding after the start of pegging to avoid disturbing the growing nuts or damaging the flowers. Clean weeding should take place up to 6 weeks after which only hand weeding should be done.

    READ ALSO: Mpeketoni farmer earning huge with grounduts

    Instead of nitrogen fertilizer as the crop is self sustaining, groundnuts requires adequate calcium especially when pods are forming. Phosphate fertilizer at the rate of 40kg per acre is also needed to boost the firmness of the crop.

    Disease and pest control

    Groundnuts are highly susceptible to various pests and diseases throughout all stages of growth. Termites, aphids, white grabs and millipedes which attack roots, stem base, leaves and pods can be prevented by either early planting, observe high farm hygiene, conserving natural enemies, timely harvesting and using well decomposed manure.

    However, virus diseases like Rust, Bacteria Wilt and groundnut rosette virus accounts for 80 percent of groundnut damaged while on farm. Others include leaf spot, crown rot and damping off disease. In order to prevent these devastating diseases, farmers are advised to practice measures like crop rotation, observe farm hygiene, planting using certified seeds and control pests like vector aphids.



    Although average maturity time for most groundnuts is estimated at 1000 days, some do mature as early as 90days while others takes up to 130 days, depending also on climatic conditions. Much conscious should be observed while harvesting to avoid breaking offs. Seeds should be well dried after shelling to avoid aflatoxin and other post harvest loses including pests and rot. 

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