JM Social Icons


    Planting tissue culture bananas using the correct guidelines is very important for farmers who would like to increase their yields and earn more profits. Eliud Njoroge, a crops researcher at the Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization (KALRO) says marketing of crops starts at production and not at harvesting stage as practiced by many farmers.

    Kalro banana.jpg

    The spacing between one plant to another plant should be 9 by 9 feet. Holes should be squared shaped by 3 ft by 3 ft.  The top soil should be separated from the sub soil. Mix 2 wheelbarrows’ of farm yard manure per hole, 200g of DAP or TSP and nematicide (Mocap or bionematon) to control nematodes in the bananas.

    READ ALSO: KALRO selling high quality Banana Tissue culture seedlings

    Put the mixture back in the hole up to 2 ft. Cut the plastic bag holding the seedling ensuring that the root plug does not break. Plant the seedling firmly in the moisture and pour 40 liters of water at planting.

    Once grown, pour 20 liters of water in a week. To prevent weeds, mulching is needed which can be done by placing dry grass 6 inches away from the plant, intercropping- planting with leguminous crops e.g. beans. It is important to de-leaf to remove old disease leaves using a knife. Suckers should by ensuring you grow 3 best suckers at any given time facing the eastern side where the sun is rising from to ensure there is enough sunlight for the plants. Unwanted suckers should be destroyed using a kit.

    READ ALSO:Farmer earns twice from tissue culture banana

    It takes 12 to 13 weeks from the time the banana fruit stem first appear to the time the bananas are harvested. Bananas are harvested while they are still green, ensure you wear protective gear and cut the fruit with a machete carefully. The leaves of the harvested banana should be chopped and left on the ground to provide nutrients for the rest of the nest generation of banana plants.

    READ ALSO:Farmers urged to embrace tissue culture bananas

    Active and prospective banana farmers in Kenya can obtain high quality tissue culture seedlings at the Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization (Thika)The research firm has more than five varieties which include giant Cavendish, grand nain, and Mbogoya for ripening, Uganda green for cooking, Aloe Vera for medicinal/cosmetics purposes and vanilla for making spices.









    Principal Misambi Secondary School (in a red shirt) receiving a 10,000 liter  water tank from Mr.Ogongo, Nyamusi World Vision representative

    One harvest morning in 2015, Reuben Ogendi, a small scale tomato farmer went to his small farm in Nyamusi division, Nyamira County expecting bumper harvest. Unfortunately, about two thirds of his tomato crops had died due to bacterial wilt disease. Reuben was devastated and vowed never to engage in tomato farming again. When bacterial wilt attacks, the plant wilts and dies quickly without little warning. Tomatoes present a myriad of challenges to farmers if not managed well as they are sensitive to extreme temperatures and diseases like blights & nematodes.

     However, after being familiarized to Kilimo Bora farmers’ group by a friend in March this year, Ogendi is now a proud rejuvenated greenhouse tomato farmer with a bright future thanks to proper advice and guidance by members of the group. The group enhances sharing of experiences and knowledge amongst members enabling them to make informed decisions.

    In many developing countries like Kenya, farmers receive inadequate information and training prerequisite for maximizing yields and proceeds from their farms. Farmers have thus joined hands together to pool resources such as funds, technology and knowledge sharing to enable them work effectively as a unit.

    In collaboration with Kilimo Bora farmer’s group, World Vision donated 10,000 liter water tanks to Ogendi and other small scale farmers in Nyamusi division. “Scarcity of water was a big challenge to me before, I used to utilize my donkey to supply water to my farm”said Reuben. He is one of the 200 farmers from Kilimo Bora public private partnership group who have benefited from the project.

     On 29th April 2017, he developed his greenhouse measuring 80m by 30m with materials donated and installed for free by World Vision. He bought 5g of Froster F1 tomato seeds from an established agro vet in Kisii town at 1850 shillings. “This variety thrives on all soil types and is resistant to diseases” said Reuben.

    He first planted the seeds on a nursery bed before transplanting 700 seedlings to the greenhouse. To control nematodes, he applied 500g of Bio- Nematon insecticide purchased at a cost of 800 shillings from a Kisii agro vet. He mixed the insecticide with 62.5 liters and used drip irrigation to incorporate to the tomatoes in his green house. He bought 232m water pipes for drip irrigation at 13 sh per meter and sourced additional 150m pipes from his friend.

    For every 30 days before maturity, the farmer applied bio-nematon at the rate of 500g per 62.5 liters, even though he faced challenged of acquiring the pesticide from certified agro vets in his village. Reuben’s tomatoes are now ready for sale and retailers are steaming in to his home to purchase the commodity. So far, he has sold more than ten crates of tomatoes at a cost of 2000 shillings per crate. Reuben expects to harvest about 25 to 30 crates from his greenhouse.

    Page 1 of 4

    Discounts for you

    Farmbiz wins 2019 BAKE Awards’ Agriculture Blog of the Year

    Editor's Pick

    Sign Up

    Sign up to receive our newsletter
    FarmBiz Africa © 2019