JM Social Icons

    Poultry shampooing: final resort for severe parasite infestation

    vlcsnap 2022 10 04 14h01m34s839

    By George Munene

    For poultry farmers suffering from severe parasite infestation, shampooing is an effective method to rid yourself of the menace that causes disease, drop in production, and death.

    According to Okuta Ngura, a poultry veterinarian and specialist for over 10 years the method is safe and effective for farmers given they adhere to a set of instructions.

    “I have used bird shampooing with success to get rid of external parasites such as poultry ticks, lice, mites, and fleas in several farms where there is a high infestation and spraying and dusting powders cannot get the job done,” explained Okuta.

    Related News: Poultry farmer sells flock after production crashes over cold months

    Related News: Poultry farmers seek feed alternatives as prices soar

    Though there are many pesticides on the market for this, he's found Ectomin, an ectoparasiticide (a drug used to kill parasites that live on the body's surface) manufactured by Chinese agrochemical manufacturer King Quenson to have the best results.

    Given the correct dosage is given as outlined by the manufacturer and protective gear is worn when applying it, the drug is non-poisonous for both birds and humans.

    20 milliliters of the drug is diluted into 20 liters and this can be used to serve 50 birds. 

    The bird is submerged neck dip for five to 10 seconds. 

    Shampooing should be done on a sunny day to allow birds to dry off. 

    Related News: Kisii farmer uses mixed poultry farming to keep off predators

    The poultry coop should also be emptied and sprayed to avoid reoccurrence once the birds are housed.

    The drug's applicant should wear protective gear, i.e gloves, face masks, overalls, and gumboots. 

    Ectomin is sold for quantities of between 20 milliliters to 100 milliliters costing Sh200-Sh700.

    Write comment (0 Comments)

    Planned vaccination averts chicken death

    CHICKS Mary Poultry farm nakuru by Laban Robert

    With the growing population and consumption of chickens globally, these birds have become a major agribusiness venture with investments ranging from a few shillings into trillions of US dollars.

    Besides free range, where farmers only cater for the night security, successful formal rearing of chickens starts from the first day after a chick has been hatched by the hen or the incubator. Vaccination is an accompaniment that ensures more than 90 per cent survival of the chicks and later hens.
    On the first day a chick must be vaccinated against mareks disease. This is a highly contagious viral disease that can kill 100 per cent chickens.
    The virus causes inflation of the brain and backbone cells leading to paralysis of the legs, wings and the neck. The eye iris turns grey, therefore, impairing sight. The feathers become rough and emaciation sets in before death.
    On the sixth day, farmers must vaccinate the chicks against new castle disease. The vaccine is applied as an eye drop.
    It is also another viral disease that had varied mortality rate that can hit 100 per cent. It attacks chickens and most poultry of all ages.
    It impairs the nervous, the reproductive and the respiratory systems. Major signs include coughing, diarrhoea, depression twisted neck, paralysis and sudden death.
    On the 14th day, the chicks have to be vaccinated against gumboro. This is another viral disease that suppresses the immunity system of chickens older than three weeks. The feathers around the neck are stained with faeces.
    Diarrhoea, anorexia, depression, rough feathers are other signs.
    The first vaccination is administered by eye drops while the second one, which is done after 21 days is through drinking water.
    Another new castle vaccine is administered after 28 days in drinking water. The vaccine is repeated after every two months.
    Fowl typhoid vaccine is administered after six weeks. Birds suffering from this disease look pale diarrhea more frequently and as a result, they are dehydrated. Other signs include bile-stained liver and enlarged spleen.
    On the same sixth week, thigh muscle fowl typhoid is administered.
    The chickens are left to grow until deworming is done on the 18th week.

    READ ALSO: New KALRO poultry vaccines don’t need fridges to store

    READ ALSO: What to consider while buying one day old chicks

    READ ALSO:  Newcastle resistant chicken breed, which also produces more eggs now in the market
    The chicks are fed on starter diet, which is rich in proteins for the first eight weeks. Growers mash for body building is offered from the ninth to the 19th week. Layers diet is introduces after the 19th week.
    The feeds are introduced gradually to by mixing the old to the new feed for a few days to avoid stressing the chickens.
    This is the timetable of Mary Njeri, the co-owner of Mary Poultry Farm, in Nakuru. She runs the agribusiness with her husband, Dennis Chege.

    Write comment (0 Comments)

    Why farmers should gradually introduce new feed to avoid fall in production

    Chickens Mary Njeri Nakuru By Laban Robert 2

    Farmers, who gradually introduce new feeds to livestock, have sustained yields during and after the transition period.

    Instant change of feed brand for whatever reason shocks livestock like chicken, which go into production recess as a result of stress.

    Nakuru County farmer Mary Njeri said poultry, especially chickens, drop eggs production almost immediately after the sudden change of the feed brand.

    The farmer, w ho has more than 600 chickens, said the digestive system is interrupted after receiving ‘foreign food’ leading to stress.

    Stress causes loss of appetite and even if there is no alternative, the chickens peck a few mouthfuls for survival.

    “Chickens suffer from stress with a sudden change of routine. If they have been feeding on a given brands since they were one day old, abrupt change sends shock waves in the system of the bird, leading to abstinence or  minimum feeding,” she said.

    Feeds are sources of protein, carbohydrates and other nutrients required for production. Any reduced consumption is reflected in suppressed production.

    Examples of chicken feeds are manufactured by Unga and Kay.  If a farmer want to stop offering her chickens Kay and move to Unga, Njeri says the feeds have to be mixed in equal ration for more than one week as part of orientation.

    An egg laying chicken consumes between 130g and 150g of feeds per day. If 50 chickens consume eight kilos of layers mash per day, four kilos have to be from Unga and Kay brands.

    Chicken can take weeks to months to adjust to the new feed, a time tat they will not be laying or will be doing so with skipping. 

    READ ALSO: Dual purpose brown chicken gives farmer close to 300 eggs yearly

    READ ALSO: Integrated poultry rearing secures farmer's chicken from predators

    READ ALSO: KALRO unveils super-yield indigenous chicken

    The gradual introduction formula is also followed when weaning chicks from chick mash to growers mash and layers mash.

    Price fluctuation is one of the major reasons driving farmers into switching from one feed to the other. Others do so as a cost-cutting measure as they pursue locally made varieties.

    Njeri, who was a saloonist about five years ago, has leaned all this from the experience of handling hundreds of chickens from season to season.

    The farmer ahs more than 600 chicks and chickens at her farm at Langa Langa Estate in Nakuru town and Njoro farm-about 20kilometres away.

     Although she sells mature chickens, eggs, doves and pigeons, chicks are her main business. She uses chickens and incubation machines to hatch the chicks, which are sold at the age of one week, month, or as the farmer may request.

    Write comment (0 Comments)

    Editor's Pick

    News Feed

    Buy mod LCA pro for multiples instances.

    Sign Up

    Sign up to receive our newsletter
    FarmBiz Africa © 2020