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Factsheet: Selecting the best breeding rabbits for meat – Part 1

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By George Munene

A successful rabbit venture is underpinned by three essentials: appropriate housing, quality feed and perhaps most importantly, picking the right breeders.

Housing can be renovated whilst the enterprises chugs along, better feed can be sought in time, but picking a substandard starter stock will undercut your entire venture, with even the very best housing and feeds wasted on poor sires.

For this reason, here are the essentials to ensuring your rabbit venture isn’t a sunk cost even before the first kits are born.

  1. Gene purity

A pedigree-registered rabbit whose bloodline is trackable is your best bet. But. in reality, things aren’t as straightforward. Anyone purporting to sell you pure-line rabbits in Kenya is probably taking you for a ride. Most rabbits in Kenya have been bastardised to some degree.

Your best bet would be ensuring that the rabbit has attained the requisite weight for its sex, age and breed (by Kenyan standards).

The rabbit should also exhibit phenotypically corresponding characteristics to its breed. As an example, a Californian White rabbit should have black markings on its nose, feet and tail, whilst its eyes will be pink.

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Due to the extra vigour that can be achieved sometimes through hybrids, there are particular crossbreeds that are particularly good options. For instance, a New Zealand, Flemish Giant cross has the Giant’s propensity to gain lots of weight and the New Zealand’s fast feed-to-meat conversion

Inbred rabbits – especially siblings within the immediate litter – will tend to be tiny compared with those of the same variety that are crossed with other lines and so ought to be totally avoided for breeding purposes.

  1. Temperament

This might seem superfluous, but anyone whose handled a wild rabbit has scratches that attest to it not being a fun experience.

Your breeding stock could be with you for more than two years. Does will need moving for breeding; rabbit hutches need daily cleaning and replenishing of feed and water. It is torturous ending up with bandages on your hands every time you have to handle your rabbits.

Rabbits, especially those you wish to breed, should be used to human contact from an early age.

  1. A boxy muscular frame

Your rabbit should be blocky and filled with pronounced musculature. It shouldn’t be bony or lanky.

The pivotal areas for inspection are: the rabbit’s loins, that is, the back of the neck. You should feel meat and muscle, the rabbit’s spine shouldn’t be stuck out. The hind of the rabbit’s back should be well filled, their backbone mustn’t be easily felt. These parts are essential as they constitute most of the meat harvested from a dressed rabbit.

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  1. A silky coat, clean ears, bright attentive eyes and unscabbed feet

Smooth fur and alert eyes are signs of a healthy vital rabbit.

Their ears can fester parasites, such as mites, which cause ear canker and might be transferred to your existing colony.

Scabs on the soles of rabbit feet could be a sign of soar hocks, which is genetically transferable.

  1. Mothering ability

This refers to both litter size and a rabbit’s ability to care for its young till weaning.

It can be ascertained by asking for her breeding records or those of her parents if she hasn’t yet given birth.

The fast growth of rabbits’ kits is also important. The rabbits should attain butchering weight, 3+ kgs dressing weight, in under 4 months.

Ngong Rabbit Breeders – a government-funded institution – is your best bet for buying tarter stock as they offer high quality breeders at a fair price. A young rabbit will set you back from Sh750 to up to Sh2500 for a breeding age rabbit. You can reach Ngong Rabbit Breeders on 0720 899299.

Alternatively, you could contact the Rabbit Breeders Association of Kenya, RABAK, on 0721707540, for information on rabbit farmers in your area.

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