News and knowhow for farmers

Some farmers pay 1/5th for boreholes on better drilling prices

Borehole with water

By Lydia Gichuki

Some farmers are securing boreholes at barely one-fifth of the drilling cost of their peers, as borehole drillers charge anywhere from Sh6,000 to Sh15,000 a metre, according to data gathered by FarmBizAfrica. Our list of borehole drillers for farmers to check and find the best option gives the prices for most of them, as well as details of the terrain and process that can add extra costs.

Requirements and the process of drilling

To have a borehole drilled, a hydro geological survey must be carried out by a geologist for Sh50,000 to Sh100,000, depending on the region and access. The geologist prepares three reports giving details on the depth, water salinity, expected yield and rock formation. These findings determine the method of drilling, which also affect the cost. The method can either be air drilling or mud drilling, which is more expensive.

Once the geologist has confirmed the groundwater has the potential to yield water, the drilling company seeks authorisation to drill from the Water Resource Management Authority (WRMA) at a cost of Sh25,000.

After WRMA has permitted drilling, an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is done by the National Environmental Management Authority (NEMA) to determine the project’s possible effects on the environment. If it is found that the drilling will not damage the environment, a license is issued at a cost of Sh30,000. In some cases, the drilling company will also need a license from the municipal council and a no-objection letter from local water suppliers.

Getting the report and permits can take up to a month. After that, the company do a 24-hour drilling test to see how much water the borehole yields so it can recommend the best pump.

The process of drilling a borehole in its entirety is then likely to cost between Sh1.2m and Sh3m.

Related News:How much it costs to drill a borehole

Factors that determine the cost of drilling

1. Company’s pricing policy

Some companies charge per cubic meter, while others charge for the process as a whole.

2. The physical distance of the drilling company from the site

When a company is situated a long way from the site, the cost of drilling is likely to be higher because of the extra logistic costs.

3. The depth and width of the borehole

The width and depth of the hole will dictate how much material will be used and the pump to be used leading to lesser or greater costs.

4. The pump used

Depending on the size of the borehole, the cost of the pump varies. The company must carry out a 24-hour drilling test so as to recommend the right size of pump.

5. Geological characteristic of the site

If the site proves difficult to drill, the cost will be higher as more power will be needed to get through the ground. This will depend on the rock types and formation.

6. Drilling price

The prices per metre from drilling contractors can vary a lot, but check for differences in their equipment and other factors. 

Drilling contractors, as at June 2020  

 

Company

Cost per meter(Sh) 

Phone number

1

Almak Aqua Drillers

8,500

0720351901

2

Simba Drilling

10,000

0780117447

3.

Export Hydro Pump  and Services

10,000 -15,000

0754273235

4.

Apex Boreholes and Engineering Consultancy

7,000

0725267083

5.

Milimani Drilling East Africa Limited

5,500

0714719028

6.

Prd Rigs Kenya Limited

12,000-15,000

0717 555616

7.

Waterlink

7,000-10,000

0722 740522

8.

Bostec Trading

6,000-10,000

0727227903

9

East Africa Aqua tech

9,000

0721445106

10.

Drill Rite Africa

 

0722708093

11.

KG Water Drilling Company

7,500

0710234831

12

Borehole Services

8,000-10,000

0729516331

13.

In-depth Water and Services

 

0721906872

14.

Kijito Hydro

8,000

0725823627

15.

Borehole Drilling Merchants

7,000

0723 506816

16.

Rhino Water Drillers

8,500-14,000

0722585936

17.

Monsoon Drillers Limited

6,000

0703240153

18.

Noris International limited

 

0722466022

19.

Waterman Drilling Africa Limited

 

0722843222

20.

Pass Africa

 

0722 708222

21.

Major M borehole

 

072524088

22.

AFRICAN Mineral water company DRILLING CO. LTD

 

0722 387644

23.

Visima borehole water

 

0702 336699

24.

Water for the world

 

0722353242

25.

Borehole Masters

 

0717 252135

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